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What Goes Around Comes Around
Julian Schnabel at the Art Gallery of Ontario
By Edward Rubin
It is somewhat ironic that Julian Schnabel's exhibition, "Julian Schnabel: Art and Film" (September 1, 2010-January 2, 2011), at the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto's version of New York City's MoMA, is following in the footsteps of the museum's King Tut exhibition, as both men are known for doing things in a very big way, King Tut with his tomb, and Schnabel, highly in evidence here, with his titanic canvases that all but dwarf the common man. For the fifty-nine year old Schnabel, who was all the rage with his smashed plate paintings during the late 70s and early 80s, before he eventually fell off his art world pedestal, this exhibition – the largest since his 1987 Whitney Museum Retrospective – is tantamount to a Second Coming. The "ball has come back into his court" as he gratefully acknowledged during his press preview. Not that he ever stropped playing, or for that matter stopped painting, but people and life went on to different things. Julian himself turned to film directing, a move which further eclipsed his reputation as a painter.
Julian Schnabel with Freida Pinto on the set of Miral. Julian Schnabel on the set of The Diving Bell and the Butterfly.
"Art and Film", deftly curated by David Moos, is an ingenious way of refurbishing Schnabel's all but forgotten art world reputation while reintroducing him to the general public who is more familiar with his films than his art. The exhibition, using some sixty of Schnabel's works, dating from his 1975 "Painting Norma (Pool Painting for Norma Desmond)", a tribute to the film "Sunset Boulevard", to the present, traces the artist's interest in cinema through his paintings, sculptures, and photographs, many of which refer directly to specific actors, filmmakers and their films, such as Pasolini's "Accattone" and Vittorio de Sica's "Shoeshine". It is an interest, which according to Schnabel, goes back to his childhood days of growing up in Brooklyn during the 50s. "Just like painting, going to the movies was an escape for me from the ordinariness of everyday life at home," Schnabel told me during a pre-opening interview. "Movies were more real to me than my life at home. As a child I found 'The Ten Commandments', when Moses parted the Red Sea, totally awesome, and Moby Dick, when you get to see the great white whale's eye is terrifying. When I first saw "Repulsion" I realized a movie can really get inside of you. It could haunt you, and you could identify with it."
Julian Schnabel Resurrection, 1984
Strangely, the exhibition, despite the immense size of some of the canvases, and the fact that the artist's work takes up the entire 5th floor of the museum – in large part due to the intensely personal and arcane nature of many of the works – is an intimate experience. Crowds aside, the viewer is continually reminded, by the size, power, and experimental brashness of the artist’s executions, that there are only three people here to take into consideration—you, the looming art works themselves, and the branded hand of Schnabel, whose resonance signature announces itself at every turn. The first painting that meets you head on as you walk into the exhibition is the "Last Dairy Entry (for Roman Polanski)" 2010. Though I do not presume to know what it is about, nor what it represents, the lush and crazily colored figure in the painting, a mix between a tampered down Frances Bacon, an Alice in Wonderland character, and some dizzy dame, is highly exciting and very much alive. It is one of the few works in the exhibition that jumps out at you. It actively grabs your attention, rather than engulfing or attempting to overwhelm you, as many of his larger works do.
Though a couple of Schnabel's historical smashed plate paintings are on view, most prominently his groundbreaking 1978 "Patients and the Doctors", having settled back into the dust bin of history, they bear none the initial excitement that they engendered when they first turned the art world on its head. At least for now, until they are gathered en masse for maximum effect– and hopefully this will be soon – they remain an anachronistic oddity. Equally unengaging, though it does shed light on the artist's respect for Brando who he considers "the greatest actor that we’ve seen"– is the Brando Room, where six large, relatively mundane poster-like photographs, which Schnabel bought from the actor's estate sale, depict Brando in a long-haired wig, kidding around during the filming of the 1968 comedy "Candy". By adding spray paint, resin, and ink onto the surface of these photographs, Schnabel, making this work his own, transformed the photographs into paintings. These same photographs first appeared during a fantasy scene in Schnabel’s 2007 film, "The Diving Bell and the Butterfly".
"Julian Schnabel Portrait of Andy Warhol", 1982
Another small gallery is filled with portraits that Schnabel has painted, including one of himself that reads "from the collection of Johnny Depp." Even with their tacky framing, which reads young and very early 80s, the slickly painted, slightly garish portraits, compelling in a nervous sort of way, are not half bad. Gary Oldman, who as Albert Milo played Schnabel in the film "Basquiat" is presented wearing a traje de luces (suit of lights) that belongs to Curro Romero the famous Spanish bullfighter. Rula Jabreal, Schnabel's current love interest, and the author of the book on which Schnabel's soon to be released movie "Miral" is based on – it opens worldwide this December – is seen wearing the same dress that actress Emma de Caunes wore in "The Diving Bell and the Butterfly" during one of Jean-Dominique Bauby's reveries. The most compelling portrait on view is the 1982 "The Portrait of Andy Warhol" painted on black velvet, in two sittings and 5 hours. Here a shirtless, ghostly Warhol, looking more vulnerable than usual, more an apparition than a live human being, appears to be dematerializing before our very eyes.
nn Australia, 1986, oil, plates, bondo on wood, 11’ x 17’; Untitled (X-ray), 2008, ink on polyester, 148” x 116”. Photo by Ian Lefevbre.
In the three largest paintings – each one 22 feet by 22 feet, one inch short of the gallery's 23 foot ceilings – though you would not know it unless you read the label or are wearing a head-set – Schnabel returns to the theme of bullfighting. Painted in 1990, specifically made to be exhibited in the city of Nîmes at the Maison Carée, an ancient Roman temple, here, the 3 canvases, removed from their original site, like epics movies that ends up on a small television screen, their sense of wonder has been severely muted. All we are left with are three very big, mildly interesting abstract paintings that mean a lot more to the artist than the viewing public. What is interesting about these works is the unique and totally unexpected way – a well known signature of the artist – that these paintings materialized. "I took a table cloth and dipped it in oil paint that had a lot of turpentine in it and I threw the table cloth at the paintings so all of this drawing that looks like printing, that looks like gravure, is made by taking a big linen sheet and dipping it in the paint and then throwing it in the canvas. Sometimes I even took the sheet and rolling it up used it like a bat."
Julian Schnable October 26,2010 Photo: Edward Rubin
One near-mesmerizing, disarmingly simple painting that still sticks in my mind – one of fourteen that Schnabel's painted for his "Big Girl Paintings" series in 2001 – is "Large Girl With No Eyes". Going large again – roughly 14 by 12 feet – we see a young blonde girl, from the shoulders up, wearing a blue dress. She is looking, that is, if she was allowed to see, straight out at us. However, the artist, stripping her of sight, bars us from entering into the picture by painting a long black bar that masks her eyes. Schnabel’s stated intent, for this painting as well as the entire exhibition – here perfectly, if not hypnotically achieved –'is to force the viewer to look at the painting and not the eyes.” The most cinematically stunning works on view is "Painting for Malik Joyeux and Bernardo Bertolucci V and VI", two enormous black and white photographs, from Schnabel’s 2006 Surfing series. Again, by adding gesso and ink to the polyester canvas, the artist turns a simple photograph of a surfer negotiating a giant rolling wave – somewhat akin to turning a script into a movie – into breathtakingly dizzying ride, which all but magically pulls us into a canvas that is more alive than dead. Not a bad ending for a Schnabel comeback. [Edward Rubin]
Edward Rubin is a writer and critic living in New York City. His articles and reviews have appeared in ARTnews, New Art Examiner, www.manhattanarts.com, Hispanic Outlook, www.nytheatre-wire.com and Theatre Week. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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